Abstract In recent decades, much evidence for women's sports in the ancient world has been uncovered.
Beijing Corruption In December the sporting world was shocked by allegations of widespread corruption within the IOC. Accusations of impropriety were also alleged in the conduct of several previous bid committees.
The IOC responded by expelling six committee members; several others resigned. In December an IOC commission announced a point reform package covering the selection and conduct of the IOC members, the bid process, the transparency of financial dealings, the size and conduct of the Games, and drug regulation.
The reform package also contained a number of provisions regulating the site-selection process and clarifying the obligations of the IOC, the bid cities, and the national Olympic committees. Political pressures Because the Olympics take place on an international stage, it is not surprising that they have been plagued by the nationalismmanipulation, and propaganda associated with world politics.
Attempts to politicize the Olympics were evident as early as the first modern Games at Athens inwhen the British compelled an Australian athlete to declare himself British. Other prominent examples of the politicization of the Games include the Nazi propaganda that pervaded the Berlin Games of ; the Soviet-Hungarian friction at the Games in Melbourne, Australia, which followed shortly after the U.
Even national politics has affected the Games, most notably in in Mexico City, where, shortly before the Games opened, Mexican troops fired upon Mexican students killing hundreds who were protesting government expenditures on the Olympics while the country had pressing social problems.
Political tension within the United States also boiled to the top at Mexico City when African American athletes either boycotted the Games or staged demonstrations to protest continuing racism at home. In the latter half of the 20th century, the IOC sought to more actively promote peace through sports.
The IOC and relevant Olympic organizing committees worked with political leaders to allow the participation of former Yugoslav republics at the Games in BarcelonaSpainas well as the participation of East Timorese and Palestinian athletes at the Games in SydneyAustralia.
In the IOC revived and modernized the ancient Olympic truce, making it the focal point of its peace initiatives.
Commercialization Commercialism has never been wholly absent from the Games, but two large industries have eclipsed all others—namely, television and makers of sports apparel, especially shoes. The IOC, organizing committees of the Olympic Games OCOGsand to some degree the international sport federations depend heavily on television revenues, and many of the best athletes depend on money from apparel endorsements.
The Los Angeles Games ofhowever, ushered in a new Olympic era. And while American decathlete Bill Toomey lost his Olympic eligibility in for endorsing a nutritional supplementnow athletes openly endorse everything from allergy medicines to blue jeans.
National Olympic committeesinternational federations, and organizing committees Each country that desires to participate in the Olympic Games must have a national Olympic committee accepted by the IOC. By the early 21st century, there were more than such committees.
A national Olympic committee NOC must be composed of at least five national sporting federations, each affiliated with an appropriate international federation.
The ostensible purpose of these NOCs is the development and promotion of the Olympic movement. According to the rules of the NOCs, they must be not-for-profit organizations, must not associate themselves with affairs of a political or commercial nature, and must be completely independent and autonomous as well as in a position to resist all political, religious, or commercial pressure.
For each Olympic sport there must be an international federation IFto which a requisite number of applicable national governing bodies must belong. The IFs promote and regulate their sport on an international level.
Since they have been responsible for determining all questions of Olympic eligibility and competition in their sport. Because such sports as football soccer and basketball attract great numbers of participants and spectators in all parts of the world, their respective IFs possess great power and sometimes exercise it.
Although the IOC retains ultimate authority over all aspects of an Olympiad, the local OCOG has full responsibility for the festival, including finance, facilities, staffing, and accommodations. Now each organizing committee provides such a village so that competitors and team officials can be housed together and fed at a reasonable price.
Menus for each team are prepared in accord with its own national cuisine. Today, with so many athletes and venues, OCOGs may need to provide more than one village.
The villages are located as close as possible to the main stadium and other venues and have separate accommodations for men and women.the women: were the ancient olympics just for men?
Along with the athletic contests held at ancient Olympia, there was a separate festival in honor of Hera (the wife of Zeus).
This festival included foot races for unmarried girls. In recent decades, much evidence for women's sports in the ancient world has been uncovered. In ancient Greece, men concentrated on politics, wars, athletics, and the like, whereas desirable womanly qualities were considered to be beauty, modesty and obedience.
The venues for the Vancouver Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games stretched over a kilometre zone from Richmond, through downtown Vancouver and north to the mountain resort of Whistler. A very good introduction to ancient Greece and its profound cultural achievements.
Martin starts with a chapter on prehistory which is not really about Greece at all, and gets sidetracked with speculation - for example, that the development of agricultural society resulted in women taking a subordinate social position. The Olympic games were held to be one of the two central rituals in ancient Greece, the other being the much older religious festival, the Eleusinian Mysteries..
The games started in Olympia, Greece, in a sanctuary site for the Greek deities near the towns of Elis and Pisa (both in Elis on the peninsula of Peloponnesos).The first games began as an annual foot race of young women .
The ancient Olympic Games were a sporting event held every four years at the sacred site of Olympia, in the western Peloponnese, in honour of Zeus, the supreme god of Greek religion. Involving participants and spectators from all over Greece and even beyond, the Games were the most important cultural event in ancient Greece and were held from BCE to CE, a run of consecutive Olympiads.