Fairs and Festivals Governance India, the world's largest democracy, has made tremendous strides in economic and social development in the past two decades. The country aims to become a higher middle-income country by and that calls for even faster growth in the years to come. With new government in place this year, India currently stands at the threshold of a unique opportunity regarding governance reforms. Governance is central to equitable socio-economic progress and political legitimacy.
You need Flash Player version 9. British rule extended over present-day India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan together about a fifth of the world's population. Under the new administration, a governor-general with a five-member council governed in India, while a secretary of state and member council oversaw Indian affairs in Britain.
Provincial governments included executive and legislative councils and were divided into districts, each overseen by a commissioner.
The Indian Civil Service, composed of magistrates, revenue officials, commissioners, and other bureaucratic positions, formed a fundamental segment of the new government.
Afterexaminations required for entry into the civil service were held in India, not only Britain, and bymost Civil Service officials were Indian. Policies of nonintervention in religion and recognition of regional princes—numbering approximately —were among the first issued under the British administration, perhaps reflecting the religious causes of the Great Rebellion of A newly restructured army that included more British officers had the foreign policy responsibility of keeping Russia out of Central Asia, leading to the Anglo-Afghan Wars during much of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries.
ByIndia had the fourth largest railway system in the world, one that unified the country geographically and economically.
However, under British rule, the generally positive advances of social reforms, public works, and unification of the India's disparate regions were coupled with racism and economic exploitation. Lack of Indian representation in government and an economic system that was perceived as a drain on India's wealth were the primary causes of agitation against British rule in India.
Inthe first meeting of the Indian National Congresscomposed of 73 self-appointed delegates, was held in Bombay. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi Mohandas Gandhi Mohandas Karamchand Gandhiknown as Mahatma "Great Soul"was the great political leader and social reformer who founded India's nonviolent movement against British colonial rule.
Born the son of a state minister in Gujarat inGandhi moved to South Africa after studying law in London. While practicing law in South Africa, between andhe became a social reformer and mobilized diverse South African communities to protest British laws, such as the poll tax, that discriminated against Indians.
While in Africa, he developed the practice of satyagrahaor nonviolent protest, based on the ethical ideal of ahimsa "no-harm" or non-violence a precept deeply rooted in the three faiths that originated in India— HinduismBuddhismand Jainism. Inhe wrote his landmark work, Hind Swaraj, or Freedom of India, that discussed nonviolent non-cooperation as a means to end British colonial rule.
After returning to India inGandhi organized satyagrahas against poverty and unfair taxes, championing boycotts and peaceful strikes. In the s, Gandhi reorganized the Indian National Congress and wrote its constitution that prioritized Congressional representation for rural India and created a permanent committee to agitate for independence.
He also adopted a simpler way of life, eschewing European clothes for the traditional Indian dhoti and shawl, which he spun on a charkha; adhering to a strictly vegetarian diet; and undertaking fasts that he also employed in social protest.
From toGandhi organized a series of campaigns that successfully mobilized Indians across the country against British rule. A non-cooperation movement in the early s that urged citizens to boycott civic services and withhold tax revenues led to thousands of arrests and a government ban on public meetings.
Inhe led a satyagraha against the British salt tax, marching miles from his Sabarmati ashram to Dandi beach, in Gujarat.
After picking up a lump of sea salt on the beach, Gandhi was arrested for breaking the law and 60, to 90, others would be arrested over the next few months. Before Gandhi could organize a "Quit India" campaign against British rule inhe was arrested and detained in jail for the duration of World War II.
Disillusioned with politics, disunity in the Muslim League, and the Congress under Mahatma GandhiJinnah left political life in He returned to the League in and became its head in Indian Law firm Lawyers Network provides online legal help world wide and India.
Help Line Law provided of legal Information about various indian laws. Features a law firm lawyer service online legal help and 24 hour helpline for members.
The Masterpiece of Fear! Uncover the visions, fears and horrors that entwine an insane painter and finish the masterpiece he has strived so long to create. The Masterpiece of Fear!
Uncover the visions, fears and horrors that entwine an insane painter and finish the masterpiece he has strived so long to create. The British Raj (/ r ɑː dʒ /; from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between and The rule is also called Crown rule in India, or direct rule in India.
The region under British control was commonly called British India or simply India in contemporaneous usage, and included areas directly administered by the United. Our list of movies on Netflix India is updated daily and can be filtered by release year and genre or if you know what you are looking for, simply search for the title.
SC says daughters whose fathers died before amendment in Hindu Succession Act have no right to inheritance - A bench of Justices Anil R Dave and Adarsh K Goel held that the date of a daughter becoming coparcener (having equal right in an ancestral property) is "on and from the commencement of the Act".