For a critical Christian response to these claims, see: The ancient polytheistic religions of Egypt, Persia, Babylonia and eventually Rome increasingly consolidated their pantheons of deities under a single primary god, usually a Sun-god. Humans could choose between good light or evil darkness and on judgment day be sent to Heaven or Hell based on their choices. Mithras was identified as the redeemer prophesied by Zoroaster:
Arius had been a pupil of Lucian of Antioch at Lucian's private academy in Antioch and inherited from him a modified form of the teachings of Paul of Samosata.
It involved most church members—from simple believers, priests, and monks to bishops, emperors, and members of Rome's imperial family.
Such a deep controversy within the Church during this period of its development could not have materialized without significant historical influences providing a basis for Purchase personal statement divinity statement Arian doctrines.
In addition, if any writing composed by Arius should be found, it should be handed over to the flames, so that not only will the wickedness of his teaching be obliterated, but nothing will be left even to remind anyone of him.
And I hereby make a public order, that if someone should be discovered to have hidden a writing composed by Arius, and not to have immediately brought it forward and destroyed it by fire, his penalty shall be death.
As soon as he is discovered in this offence, he shall be submitted for capital punishment. Arian Ulfilaswho was ordained a bishop by Arian Eusebius of Nicomedia and returned to his people to work as a missionary, believed: Therefore, there is one God of all, who is also God of our God; and in one Holy Spirit, the illuminating and sanctifying power, as Christ said after his resurrection to his apostles: And I believe the Son to be subject and obedient in all things to God the Father.
Some of them say that the Son is an eructation, others that he is a production, others that he is also unbegotten. These are impieties to which we cannot listen, even though the heretics threaten us with a thousand deaths.
But we say and believe and have taught, and do teach, that the Son is not unbegotten, nor in any way part of the unbegotten; and that he does not derive his subsistence from any matter; but that by his own will and counsel he has subsisted before time and before ages as perfect as God, only begotten and unchangeable, and that before he was begotten, or created, or purposed, or established, he was not.
For he was not unbegotten. We are persecuted because we say that the Son has a beginning but that God is without beginning. Homoian Arianism is associated with Akakius and Eudoxius.
Homoian Arianism avoided the use of the word ousia to describe the relation of Father to Son, and described these as "like" each other. InArius was denounced by a synod at Alexandria for teaching a heterodox view of the relationship of Jesus to God the Father. Because Arius and his followers had great influence in the schools of Alexandria—counterparts to modern universities or seminaries—their theological views spread, especially in the eastern Mediterranean.
Bythe controversy had become significant enough that the Emperor Constantine called an assembly of bishops, the First Council of Nicaeawhich condemned Arius's doctrine and formulated the original Nicene Creed of Ousia is essence or being, in Eastern Christianity, and is the aspect of God that is completely incomprehensible to mankind and human perception.
It is all that subsists by itself and which has not its being in another,  God the Father and God the Son and God the Holy Spirit all being uncreated. His opponents argued that this would make Jesus less than God and that this was heretical.
This Ecumenical council declared that Jesus Christ was a distinct being of God in existence or reality hypostasiswhich the Latin fathers translated as persona. Jesus was God in essence, being and nature ousiawhich the Latin fathers translated as substantia. Constantine is believed to have exiled those who refused to accept the Nicean creed—Arius himself, the deacon Euzoios, and the Libyan bishops Theonas of Marmarica and Secundus of Ptolemais —and also the bishops who signed the creed but refused to join in condemnation of Arius, Eusebius of Nicomedia and Theognis of Nicaea.
The Emperor also ordered all copies of the Thalia, the book in which Arius had expressed his teachings, to be burned. However, there is no evidence that his son and ultimate successor, Constantius IIwho was a Semi-Arian Christian, was exiled.
Although he was committed to maintaining what the church had defined at Nicaea, Constantine was also bent on pacifying the situation and eventually became more lenient toward those condemned and exiled at the council.About TGFJ TGFJ is a platform for Christian work, projects, and books: promoting insightful, powerful, and the supernatural move of God - educating online users of spiritual truths based on biblical principles and divine revelations.
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