Modern Man and Polygyny Part Five: Does it consider her the equal of man in terms of dignity and the respect accorded to her, or is she thought of as belonging to an inferior species? This is the question which we now wish to answer.
Liz Cooper 28 July From the law of succession to domestic violence, from political representation to the judiciary and the boardroom, from pay to reproductive rights, gender equality in Spain remains a distant goal It is a hard to believe fact that Spanish women are constitutionally considered second class when it comes to ruling their country.
Felipe V1 of Spain was proclaimed King in June after the abdication of his father although he is the youngest of three children born to the now ex-King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofia. The two elder children were female. In section 14 of the Constitution, alongside the law on male primogeniture, it states that all Spaniards are equal under the law and cannot be discriminated against for reasons of birth, race, sex, religion, opinion or any other personal or social condition or circumstance.
That is unless, confusingly and with a certain irony, they happen to be female members of a royal family in a constitutional monarchy. That the gap continues, between the laws to promote gender equality and the reality of life for women, is what characterises attempts to alter the balance of power between the sexes in Europe, where the principle of equal pay was established as early as in the Treaty of Rome.
Today although European agencies tend to congratulate themselves on their successes and legislation is legion, serious differences still exist.
Recent European research for example puts the average pay for women in the UK at The socialist Government of the new democracy inwas keen to change the balance and set up the Institute for Women in which became part of the governing agenda in all the regional autonomous communities, specifically to promote equal rights.
This part of the monstermanfilm.com web site looks at the so-called anti-globalization protest movement, including a look at the media portrayal, the violent crackdowns, and lists many nations and cities where protests have occured in recent years. Inequality is arguably the biggest threat to people in society today and almost any human being can acknowledge the fact that the increase of inequality is an pressing issue. A corporate perspective with a focus on gender equality makes obvious that investing in the human capital of women equates to investing in the development of strong businesses in peaceful societies.
There has been a slow but continuous improvement in the situation for women since the Franco years but actual equality is still a distant goal. The Law on Gender Equality in was supported by all parties in parliament except the conservative Partido Popular PP which is now running the country.
The creation of a Ministry for Equality in was perhaps the most dramatic move, plus new laws and specialist courts on gender violence, legalization of same sex marriage, a more liberal abortion law, gender mainstreaming in all public organizations, a new powerful dependency law, and more.
Most of that legislation was not valued at the time, as the economic crisis took hold from contributing to the downfall of the Zapatero Government in Conservative ideology does not appear to approve of government that puts gender equality at the top of the agenda.
Parliamentary discussion on the subject is still seriously lacking in spite of the fact that 35 women have been killed in the first 6 months of this year by their partners or ex partners. In the political field a woman has yet to be a presidential candidate.
That era has gone. Today, although far more educated women than men are still leaving Spanish universities annually they do not appear in the same ratio as men on the executive boards of private companies, public institutions and the very government itself.
The modern equivalent of the so-called glass ceiling in Spain looks more like the steel barriers erected in the 90s with spikes and interlocking cables topped with razor wire still used to keep would-be immigrants out of the Spanish cities in Morocco.
The first woman to become a judge was admitted in Nearly 40 years later numbers have changed significantly with approximately half of all judges and magistrates being women. However at the top, it is the same story with few women getting across the steel barrier to achieve real power in the judicial system.
The board has 21 members, and in 7 were women. It remains slow to consider positive action to enable women to reach the top.
The Catholic Church still refuses to ordain women. The Zapatero Government made some progress in attempts to reduce the power of the Church over government, its greatest success against catholic dogma being the Abortion Law of in which women were given the legal right to decide on an abortion, without interference from the state, for up to 14 weeks of their pregnancy.
In the Episcopal Conference of the Catholic Church in Spain threatened to excommunicate those ministers who voted for the law, making laughable nonsense once again of the separation of church and state.
There have been continuous protests both within Parliament and without; as a result the Government is now making some adjustments to the section on malformation of the foetus, which in the original reforms was not included as a reason for abortion.
By tinkering with the wording, they will in effect make that possible without actually changing the planned new law, which states that only in cases of rape, or extreme danger to the life of the mother can a legal abortion be performed. It is expected to be debated in Parliament after the summer recess but whatever the views of Parliament the Government can use its absolute majority to push the law through when it chooses.
An ex-television reporter and journalist who once reported from Iraq, she has, during her 10 years of marriage, given birth to two daughters, had her nose fixed, managed to keep herself out of the royal scandals, lost a lot of weight and now appears similar to any other member of the rich and increasingly unnecessary strain of European royalty.
The notion that she might fight for gender equality seems unlikely. But equally unlikely that ex-Queen Sofia, who has publicly kept smiling, affable and charming for over 50 years of marriage to a womanizing, elephant-hunting king, will be her model.
Leticia Ortiz is after all a middle class educated woman with a successful career behind her who could, if she so chose, use her experience and position to help Spanish women in their struggle to further bridge the gender gap, still so wide and apparently unfathomable.
About the author Liz Cooper has worked in publishing for over 30 years. She worked for 4 years for PDC, a radical publishing and distribution co-operative before moving on to the New Statesman in the 80s and briefly News on Sunday.
She now lives in Northern Spain. Follow her on twitter LizAnneCo.Part-time means a career is sabotaged. Childcare costs cripple. According to the Fawcett Society, twice as many women as men are economically inactive; three times more women are in part-time work; and 28% of women are low paid compared with 17% of men.
Skills-appropriate jobs for women could boost GDP by 10% by Everyone benefits. Gender conversation questions. From Teflpedia. Jump to: navigation, In your society are there some social behaviours which are only seen as appropriate for women?
What behaviours? In your society are there some social behaviours which are only seen as appropriate for men? What behaviours?
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From the law of succession to domestic violence, from political representation to the judiciary and the boardroom, from pay to reproductive rights, gender equality in Spain remains a distant goal.
The role of women in economic development continues to occupy centre stage in policy debates.
As documented in a number of studies, including the World Bank’s recent World Development Report , gender inequality – in terms of access to education, health, formal sector employment, and income – remains a significant constraint to growth in many countries.
The Rise of the Islamic Feminists One of Musawah’s goals is to persuade Muslims that Sharia laws are not divine but subject to discussion.
“We want to emphasize that everything we. Women and Gender Inequality in Peru The unequal treatment of an individual or groups of individuals based on their gender is referred to as gender inequality.
This form of injustice arises from the perspective of gender roles and are cemented into society as gender norms. 3/5(19).